Contraindications have not yet been identified. Neither dose produced a significant reduction in postprandial blood glucose.76, A systematic review and meta-analysis identified 10 clinical trials that evaluated the effect of fenugreek intake on glucose homeostasis markers including fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postload glucose, HbA1c, and fasting serum insulin levels. Delayed gastric emptying and inhibition of glucose transport have also been postulated as possible mechanisms, as well as restoration of enzymes involved in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.8, 34 Hypoglycemic effect appears greatest for fenugreek whole seed powder, with lesser effect for the gum isolate, other seed extracts, and leaves.35, Reports of experiments in animals from the 1980s and 1990s have been published,35, 36 and studies to elucidate the mechanisms of action of fenugreek in diabetes are ongoing.37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, A lack of standardization of products tested and dosages used limits the value of the limited published clinical trials. However, there are a few things to be on the lookout for. Trees-Acacia. The right fenugreek product should have descriptive and transparent supplement facts. Fenugreek seeds, also known as methi seeds, are a common ingredient in Indian curries, as well as Turkish, Persian, Eritrean, Ethiopian, and Egyptian cuisine. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Fenugreek in Spanish can be different from Fenugreek in English. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Allergy to fenugreek is recognized, including severe responses such as asthma, anaphylaxis, and toxic epidermal necrosis. Fenugreek is a plant also known as Alholva, Bird's Foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Fenogreco, Foenugraeci Semen, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Greek Hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Sénégrain, Trigonella, Woo Lu Bar, and other names. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Fenogreco. Additionally, the 2-hour glucose pooled estimate from 7 trials was significant (P < 0.001). 11. Isolation of the biologically active components or production of a more palatable extract, which would allow greater use of the plant, have been investigated.3, Suppression of interleukin production and allergic symptoms were demonstrated in rats pretreated with fenugreek extracts.12, 13, 14 Inhibition of the arachidonic acid pathway was demonstrated in mice,15 and studies in rats with induced arthritis have found positive effects on erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total white blood cells, and C-reactive protein.14, 16, There are very limited clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an anti-inflammatory agent. Reductions of serum cholesterol (15% to 33%) from baseline were reported in all the trials identified.47 Results from further studies conducted among patients with diabetes found equivocal results, with most reporting decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein.8, 34, 89, Antifungal and antibacterial properties have been demonstrated.17 A French patent was granted to a product containing extracts of several herbal products, including fenugreek, purported to have activity against human and animal flagellate parasites.48, Oral administration of fenugreek seed fractions and fiber products resulted in dose-dependent gastric protection similar to that of nonprescription antacid medication.17, 49, 50, 77 Because of the association of Helicobacter pylori with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, in vitro experimentation was conducted in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan to evaluate their effect on secretion of IL-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. These degradation products are, in part, responsible for the flavor of the seed. Scientific Name(s): Trigonella foenum-graecum ï»¿L.Common Name(s): Faenum graecum, Fenugreek, Huluba, Methi, Semen Trigonellae. The plant bears grey-green, tripartite, toothed leaves, and white or pale yellow flowers appear in summer and develop into long, slender, sword-shaped seed pods with a curved, beaklike tip. Fenugreek has been used to stimulate milk production in breast-feeding mothers, but data are insufficient to determine its efficacy and safety, and the extent of transmission of fenugreek-derived constituents into breast milk is unknown. It plays a vital role in Indian spices which is used to enhance the taste of food and also prevents various health problems. These galactomannans have a unique structure and may be responsible for some of the characteristic therapeutic properties attributed to fenugreek.3, The use of fenugreek has been limited by its bitter taste and pungent odor. There are no clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties have yet to be fully explored. The seeds exhibit pungent aromatic properties 48); fenugreek is used as a spice in curry preparations 49), to flavour food, and to stimulate appetite.It has been observed that chronic oral administration of an ethanol extract of fenugreek (10 mg/day per 300 g body weight) increases food intake in rats, possibly due to the aromatic properties of the seeds 50). May increase estrogen in women. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties have yet to be fully explored. The seeds also contain the saponin fenugrin B. Texas Redbud. it made sourcing for it more easy for me. So what is Fenugreek powder? In folk medicine, fenugreek has been used to treat boils, cellulitis, and tuberculosis. The plant has an erect growth habit and a strong, sweet aroma. Fenugreek also known as Methi in Hindi, has its botanical name as Trigonella Foenum-Graecum. Fenugreek is a common ingredient in spice powders in Indian cuisine. Last updated on Dec 20, 2018. Crookneck Squash. Common name of Fenugreek is the name which changes with change in the regions. The remaining residue is rich in nitrogen and potassium, and is used as an agricultural fertilizer.2, 3, The leaves contain at least 7 saponins, known as graecunins, which are glycosides of diosgenin. Heterogeneity was significant for fasting blood glucose and 2-hour postload but not for HbA1c or fasting insulin serum results.83 Similar results were found with pooled data for FBG (â0.84 mmol/L; P=0.002), HbA1c (â1.16; P<0.00001), and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (â1.3 mmol/L; P<0.001) in patients with diabetes or pre-diabetes compared to controls in a 2016 meta-analysis of 12 studies (N=1,173). If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. No adverse effects were reported or observed with fenugreek extract.87. Fenugreek Thins Blood. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Sample sizes ranged from 5 to 69 and most trials included patients with type 2 diabetes. Fenugreek belongs to the plant family "Fabaceae". For centuries, fenugreek has been taken to promote health and well-being. B., Yancey, A. M., Barnes, K. N., and Myles, T. D. The use of galactogogues in the breastfeeding mother. A study conducted in 2011 evaluated the efficacy of fenugreek as a galactogogue; however, the extent of transmission of fenugreek-derived constituents into breast milk is unknown and efficacy has yet to be established.55 Compared to placebo and other galactogogues in a network meta-analysis (N=242; range, 22 to 122), fenugreek produced significantly more breast milk than placebo but not Coleus amboinicus or palm dates. Avoid if an allergy to any member of the Fabaceae family exists. Serrano Pepper. No side effects were observed.84, High levels of polyphenolic flavonoids (more than 100 mg per 100 g) have been isolated from fenugreek seeds.17 These were associated with dose-dependent protection of erythrocytes from antioxidant damage in an in vitro study.18, Models of toxicity in laboratory studies (including cardio-, hepato-, nephro-, and neurotoxicity) have shown that fenugreek exerts antioxidant protective effects.19, 20, 21, 22, 23. Animal studies have also demonstrated antifertility effects in both males and females. Explore Fenugreek Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Though it is mostly used for culinary purposes, there are also number of medicinal and beauty benefits of fenugreek powder. Bleeding may occur. As an herbal remedy, this is one of the most common uses and if true, it might be related to the seeds’ effect on estrogen and prolactin levels. Fenugreek is used as an ingredient in spice blends and a flavoring agent in foods, beverages, and tobacco. The C-glycoside flavones vitexin, vitexin glycoside, and the arabinoside isoorientin have been isolated from the plant. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Several coumarin compounds have been identified in fenugreek seeds, as well as a number of alkaloids (eg, trigonelline, gentianine, carpaine), including the alkaloid hydroxyisoleucine, which is considered to stimulate insulin secretion. Available for Android and iOS devices. Fenugreek can be used as a vegetable, as seeds, or as dried herbs. Cross-reactivity to chickpea, peanut, or coriander allergy is possible. Low to moderate doses have been shown to produce mild CNS stimulation in rats with higher doses producing twitches, tremors, painful stimuli, and generalized convulsions.90, Data collected between 2004 and 2013 among 8 US centers in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network revealed 15.5% (130) of hepatotoxicity cases was caused by herbals and dietary supplements whereas 85% (709) were related to medications. No significant effects were found on low-density lipoprotein or high-density lipoprotein levels overall. One small clinical study was conducted among patients with type 1 diabetes, and the balance was conducted among healthy participants or those with type 2 diabetes.8, 36 Most studies found a reduction of fasting blood glucose of 30 to 45 mg/dL,8, 43 and some showed a decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Hypoglycemic agents: Herbs (hypoglycemic properties) may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of hypoglycemic agents. Fenugreek is an herb long used in alternative medicine. Alternate Names Fenugreek is also known as Methya (in Marathi), menthya (in Kannada), Vendayam (in Tamil), Menthulu (in Telugu), Uluva (in Malayalam) , Uluhaal ( in Sinhalese), Methi ( (In Oriya,Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi). A 2005 study published in the Cell Biology International reported that fenugreek has protective effects against breast cancer, inhibiting “ mammary hyperplasia ” [ 19 ]. Fenugreek supplements do not have a specific dosage range that is known to be more effective. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Fenugreek seeds have been used as an oral insulin substitute, and seed extracts have been reported to lower blood glucose levels. The seeds also yield as much as 8% of a fixed, foul-smelling oil. In all 10 studies, significant effects were observed on fasting blood glucose (FBG) compared with controls (P < 0.001) in patients with diabetes (types 1 and 2) but not in participants without diabetes; doses less than 5 g/day were unlikely to produce effects. Transient and mild GI effects were the most commonly reported side effects in fenugreek groups; however, comparisons could not be drawn with hypoglycemic agents due to a lack of data on the latter. It is cultivated and used all around the world, but mainly in India. Common Problems. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Trigonella foenum-graecum. This form of cancer, which is common anywhere in the world, can fortunately be prevented with the help of anti-cancer foods such as fenugreek. Bleeding may occur. There are many testimonials and positive reviews by women who claim it makes their breast larger, but there’s no scientific validation of these claims. What is fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) ?Characteristics of fenugreek. In healthy and diabetic animals and humans, fenugreek lowers cholesterol, blood triglyceride levels, and blood glucose levels. Both fenugreek fiber doses significantly lowered patient-rated hunger and calories consumed at the next meal, and the higher dose produced a significant increase in insulin area under the curve. Wide-ranging dosages and differing preparations have been used in clinical studies. Avoid use in pregnancy. It is … Home. Pratia. Saponins are quite bitter and can be found in many common foods such as some beans. The name of the genus, Trigonella, derives from the Latin for "little triangle", in reference to the shape of fenugreek yellowish-white flowers. Liver transplant was also more frequent with toxicity from non-bodybuilding supplements (13%) than with conventional medications (3%) (P<0.001). While the seeds and leaves are primarily used as a culinary spice, it is also used to treat a variety of health problems in Egypt, Greece, Italy, and South Asia. It is not known whether components of the herb are transferred to the infant via breast milk. A clinical trial evaluated the effects of fenugreek fiber 4 and 8 g at breakfast in adult non-diabetic patients with a body mass index of 30 or higher. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Anticoagulants: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of anticoagulants. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. Of the 130 related cases of liver injury related to supplements, 65% were from non-bodybuilding supplements and occurred most often in Hispanic/Latinos compared to non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks. Fenugreek powder is the dust form of the spice and is easily available in the market. Fenugreek has documented uterine stimulant effects and has been used in traditional medicine to induce childbirth and hasten delivery by promoting uterine contractions. [Source 47)] Fenugreek seeds. Studies in pregnant mice and rats have shown intrauterine growth retardation, fetal malformations, and increased fetal mortality related to fenugreek seed consumption and various other preparations (ie, crude non-polar steroidal fraction of fenugreek seed, fenugreek alcohol extract, fenugreek seed powder, saponin extract, decoction from fenugreek leaves). 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