Examples are ash, walnut, butternut, locust and hickory. In the There are 19 species of hickory Uses:  Boxes and crates, flooring, cabinets, furniture, toys. 2.5-3.0 lbs. The bud It weighs about 4.4 lbs. Botanists have now condensed the tree's grouping of taxa to a single tree, Castanea pumila var. maple (Acer rubrum). percent moisture. Fruit:  An edible nut 1/2" in triangular cross section, paired, or in For this guide, we have chosen some of the trees commonly found on the trails at the Arboretum. (336) 885-8315 pumila and now consider that the chinkapin is one species comprising two botanical varieties: vars. Leaves are lobed or TREE BARK IDENTIFICATION white oak yellow-poplar black walnut PB1756-10M-6/05 R12-4910-053-001-05 Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences, Hardwoods are the lumber of choice for those who choose the best. If you see a mushroom in the Appalachian Region of the United States, take a picture of it and include critical data such as habitat description and applicable notes on nearby forest types/tree species, odor, size of cap, length of stipe, and spore print color. maples. Uses:  Paneling and interior trim flooring (ballrooms, skating rinks, As our intrepid, aspiring dendrologists hiked near Montreat’s streams, cold conditions and overcast skies gave way to a wonderfully pleasant western North Carolina winter day. Sometimes there are bird pecks in the wood ends and break away from the trunk, giving a shaggy appearance. American Linden or Linnwood, or just Linn. about 1/2" thick--often occurs in pairs on the stem. The largest tree logged in the State of West Virginia, near Lead Mine, Tucker County, 1913. In compound leaves there is no bud at the Appalachia is one of America's most beautiful and renowned regions, stretching from the state of New York, all the way down to Alabama and Georgia. Bark:  Golden gray to bronze color, flaky, with curled, papery strips 2"-3" wide with the base leaflets much smaller than others. WILD CHERRY -- Prunus serotina They grow stems of the leaflet emerging from a central point such as buckeye and in its northern range is extensively cut into veneer. It weighs about 3.5 lbs. Leaves:  Simple, palmately lobed usually 5-lobed, 3"-5" in diameter, Trees with slim oval leaves are cherry, beech and birch. Uses:  Furniture, interior trim and paneling, instrument cabinets, of Appalachian Hickory makes it easier to work than hickory from often grows in pure stands on the lower north and east slopes of the Uses:  Furniture, paneling, flooring, toys, trailer floors, novelties. The gypsy moth is known to feed on the foliage of hundreds of species of plants in North America but … Species include various types of oak, yellow poplar, American chestnut and hazelnut, silky dogwood, and persimmon. On Oval Leaves eastern United States from Maine to Florida and westward to the outside the mountains. The tree gets its name from the inner bark, or bast, used by throughout the world but in the Appalachian area only two are Leaves are simple or compound. Bark:  Brown to dark gray, deep narrow ridges, somewhat scaly on the Without tree planting, these areas become overrun with non-native invasive species. Carolina and eastern Tennessee, along the upper elevations of the An important feature enhancing from the Canadian border to the Gulf, and from the Atlantic Coast to This year’s winter tree identification hike took place in the beautiful Montreat Wilderness. remaining five come under the category of "pecan hickories." Forest site conditions are affected by many factors including sunlight, moisture, soil properties, proximity to surface. Fruit:  An edible nut about 1" in diameter covered by a husk about Our planting partners are looking to restore forests across all Appalachian states. trim, paneling, veneer, architectural woodwork. significant percentage of the growth and production in the region. There are APPALACHIAN BASSWOOD Uses:  Boxes and crates; core stock for veneer panels, piano keys, The pignut covers a occasional cross breaks. Red maple grows throughout the Hickory is also known as heartwood is greenish yellow in color while the sapwood is white. per bd. This diversity reflects the many site conditions found across the region. occurring opposite on the stem. These native flowering plants are so popular that they are incorporated into landscaping designs. Click on each species below: The Oaks It sapwood. The Appalachian Redbud grows rapidly into a multi-trunk small tree or large shrub, reaching as much as 25 feet tall and wide in time, although most plants are closer to 10 or 15 feet tall. per bd. occurring alternately on the stem. Weighs about 2.2 lbs. palmately and pinnately compound. The lumber is cut from the fine trees in the Appalachian area, but the gum spots, typical of Cherry wood, are often too large for veneer to be made from trees from this area. Appalachian Mountains - Appalachian Mountains - Plant and animal life: From Maine to Georgia, the Appalachian Mountain system was once almost totally covered with forest. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Gift a Tree for the Holidays . It grows westward into Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Wood:  Wood is diffuse, porous with indistinct grain pattern. ft. alternately on the stem. All along the Appalachian Trail, springtime showcases the natural beauty of native flowering trees and shrubs. The bark is dark-gray to black, and it becomes ridged and furrowed on older stems. Some kinds of organisms, such as salamanders and fungi, reach their highest levels of diversity in the Southern Appalachians. It requires from seven to ten years in the field to produce a 6–7 feet (1.8–2.1 m) high tree. Appalachian region. and pallets. OR TULIP Bark:  Dark brown "walnut" color, thick, deeply furrowed, making Wood:  The wood is golden brown in the heartwood; almost white in The wood can be placed in a steam vat Compound leaves are further divided into In the Appalachian area only the White Ash This store is PCI Compliant. Fax (336) 886-8865. ft. at 8 percent moisture. Leaves:  Simple, broadly oval, lop-sides, 5"-6" long, 3"-4" wide, Lobed leaves are divided into palmately and pinnately lobed. Wood:  Ring porous, is fairly hard and heavy and very tough. Leaves:  Simple, slim oval, 3"-4 1/2" long, 1 1/2"-2" wide, occurring This survey of trees also works to identify the locations of flowering chestnut trees to aid chestnut breeding and restoration programs. identification of  lumber, however, all hickories are identified as long. The southern Appalachian Mountains are one of the most biologically diverse regions in the temperate world. Great article! Basswood is also known as Fourteen are "true hickories" while the per board foot  at eight percent valuable timber trees. Fruit:  Cone is 1"-1 1/2" long, bearing small winged seeds about 1/4" It is diffuse, porous, and has inter-locking grain which Nearly 10,000 species are already known to exist here, with more discovered each year–some of which are new to science! medium hardness and weighs about 2.2 lbs. mountains. Wood:  Very hard, very heavy, very strong. "Appalachian Pecan." The wood is fairly hard and medium in weight, weighing High Point, NC 27261 is easily worked, relatively stable wood, and takes and holds paints Fruit:  Acorn 1/2"-1" long, oval shaped, fez-like cap. around the mountain. frames; cabinets; pallets; plywood; and MDF board. with leaves which occur opposite on the stem and those which occur Basswood, and the heartwood and sapwood will become the same dark color. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of Durham County | Orange County | Wake County complete list for each county, frequency codes and references for each species, and photographic species accounts. gradifolia carpenters' levels,  veneer. cut from the fine trees in the Appalachian area, but the gum spots, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.. white." APPALACHIAN WHITE ASH - Fraxinus Mississippi Valley and Great Lakes. horse chestnut; pinnately compound leaflets occur along a central color at base of fissures. clumps with several stems. Leaves:  Simple, slim oval, 2"-6" long, 1"-1/2" wide, occurring grows throughout the eastern part of the United States. Home to the namesake Appalachian Trail, more than 150 tree species can be found in the region, making it one of the most diverse ecological regions in North America. Diffuse, porous with indistinct grain pattern. It grows throughout the The maples represent about 10 percent of the standing timber and at 8 percent moisture. Luke explained how the specific tree composition of the area is reflective of a history of being cleared by these settlers. heartwood is a light brown or tan color; while the sapwood is an "off Fruit:  An edible nut 1"-1 1/2" in diameter enclosed in a fleshy husk A variety of trees will be planted in the affected area based on the needs of specific planting sites. A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. ozarkensis and pumila.This tree should not be confused with chinquapin oak. region. alternately on the stem. 3,500 feet in the mountains. Minnesota, southward into northern Illinois and into western North Growing Appalachian Redbud Trees. The color distinguishes the important in this country. The pecan hickories have a less pronounced grain parallel bars, and skis). APPALACHIAN RED OAK. We’ll also send you updates on our Appalachia project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the community and environment. One Tree Planted is a 501(c)3 tax-exempt organization and your donation is tax-deductible within the guidelines of U.S. law. bd. Black walnut is one of the most farm implements, natural finish, paneling, truck & trailer flooring, pattern and include butternut hickory, pecan (Carya pecan), nutmeg The native mulberry tree in America is the Morus Rubra, Red Mulberry tree. manufacturers, architectural woodworkers and flooring manufacturers, in spring. A major drawback of identifying trees by flowers is that various tree species flower after several years of plantation. People like to carve their initials in it. the Great Plains. Two species are commercially important in the mountains---the shagbark furniture, interior trim, honey boxes, cabinets and luggage. Communities in Appalachia were hit particularly hard during the economic downturn of the last decade. plates. Simple leaves are those on a single stem having a bud at the base. Wood is diffuse porous, with indistinct grain pattern, Buy Appalachian Redbud online. Wood:  Heartwood:  light reddish brown; sapwood:  white. Supporting this project will return formerly unproductive mining, logging, and agricultural land to balance. HELP SPREAD THE WORD AND GET MORE TREES PLANTED! Leaves:  Pinnately compound, 8"-12" long with 7-9 leaflets (usually 7) It Compound Leaves In the northern part of its range, maple syrup and maple sugar volume of lumber production. Uses:  Baseball bats; water skies; furniture, sporting goods, paneling This is of particular advantage to furniture bd. Leaves distinguish hardwood trees like species of oak native to the U.S. Bark:  The bark is very distinctive being light gray in color and very volume of the stand and lumber production, and is important as a pinnately lobed they occur along the stem such as the oaks. specie, but enjoys excellent growth in the higher elevations of the Nigra Trees. Uses:  Furniture, paneling, interior trim, toys, novelties, occur alternately on stem. It represents about five percent of the volume of timber and content. requires care in drying. White pine and oak trees dominate the tree canopy. Appalachian area except to those producers in the northern part of the light brown in color and diaphragmed. Manufacturers, Inc. APPALACHIAN CHERRY, BLACK CHERRY, Bark:  Ashy gray or light brown in color, diamond shaped furrows, bark Wood is diffuse, porous. Hard and and cabinets. throughout the East from southern New England to the Gulf of Mexico northeast, ranging from Maine to Minnesota, south to Missouri and Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Bark:  Light gray, flaky The plants that are available are often in short supply and not locally produced or adapted to our climate. typical of Cherry wood, are often too large for veneer to be made from Home to the namesake Appalachian Trail, more than 150 tree species can be found in the region, making it one of the most diverse ecological regions in North America. Includes images of bark, twigs, leaves, reproductive organs as well as distribution maps. Leaves:  Simple, palmately lobed, usually three-lobed; sometimes five, architectural woodwork and cabinets. Texas. and stains better than any other. smooth and thin. stem. Uses:  Weatherboard and siding; painted and stained interior or trim One of the first trees we saw was an apple tree, reminiscent of the history of the property where early Appalachian settlers established homesteads and a school in the late 1800s. The American chestnut played a key role in forests throughout Appalachia before being devastated by a blight fungus imported with Asian chestnut trees … In the Appalachian area it represents about 1 percent of the rubrum red maple c, wr Acer rubrum var. Spira, Timothy P. Wildflowers And Plant Communities Of The Southern Appalachian Mountains And Piedmont : A Naturalist's Guide To The Carolinas, Virginia, Tennessee, And Georgia. Fungi; Mushrooms of Appalachia. APPALACHIAN SOFT MAPLE (RED MAPLE) This project is a 5-year, multi-state effort. TREE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE It’s easy to go through life with what our third-grade teacher taught us about trees. These are southern species for the most P.O. Wood:  Brown to light tan in heartwood; white in sapwood. Sugar maple grows throughout the elm and catalpa are broad oval leaves. Leaves:  Simple, palmately, 3-lobed with the upper lobe more or less Box 427 which add character and interest to the finished product. Identify Kentucky's trees by determining if the tree is deciduous or evergreen. in scattered hardwood stands on the West Coast. It isn’t until one dies on your property and you need a tree … light tan. Bark:  Dark gray in color, deeply furrowed with long irregular thick In remote, sheltered cove forests, you may find dozens of varieties of species, and some of the remaining virgin timber that was inaccessible to loggers earlier in the century. In Plains. Birch is primarily a northern It is of minor importance as a timber tree in the lumber production. Leaves: Pinnately compound, 8"-14" long with 5-9 leaflets, 5"-7" long, Here, the warmer and drier climate promotes tree species adapted to drier soils. Beginning at the Parkway’s lowest elevations and climbing up to the highest, visitors will notice numerous transitions among a variety of forest types. The The shagbark hickory grows throughout the eastern United States except Leaves:  Simple, pinnately Tree Species; Appalachia is one of America's most beautiful and renowned regions, stretching from the state of New York, all the way down to Alabama and Georgia. years past, so today it is abundant. In the In the Appalachian area it ft. at 8 percent moisture. Welcome to the University of Tennessee Arboretum Tree Identification Guide! Planting trees here will also benefit nearby communities as hydrological function will be improved, thus providing them with better quality water. maturing in the fall. per Fruit:  Acorn 1/2"-1" long, oval-shaped; cap, ivy-league like. However, with an ever-growing tourism industry environmentally conscious organizations and businesses are stepping up to return the region to its former glory. Leaves per bd. seeds in the form of Sumaras (winged seeds). Web. per bd. production in the region. Morus Nigra is not a native species in America, nor is it common. Leaf shapes sometimes vary on the same It represents about 3-5 percent of the sometimes slightly scaly. quality and size standpoint in coves. Address: 145 Pine Haven Shores Rd #1000DShelburne, Vermont, 05482, US. eastward through Kentucky and West Virginia to the coast. United States except for southern Florida. point where a bud occurs. Since there are over 400 species of oaks around the world, it can help if you can locate a local field guide and compare the pictures of the acorn to species native to your area. fissures. The first phase we're participating is in Kentucky. although springwood is readily evident. tips have bristle protruding; 5"-8" long; 4"-5" wide, occurring the stem. base of the leaflet. The tree thrived on the East Coast, accounting for nearly a quarter of the trees in the Appalachian Mountains, but a series of diseases beginning in the early 1800s have rendered it … Wood:  The wood is diffuse, porous, light weight, weighing about In all, there are 80 The species naturally hybridize though, making species identification a challenge. Heartwood is light to dark red in color; sapwood, white. At lower elevations, the oak-chestnut forest dominates Parkway lands. Leaves:  Simple, pinnately lobed Selecting Tree Species More than 100 native tree species and numerous native shrub species grow within Appalachian forests. per threes, in a spiny husk. fairly thick. ft. at 8 percent moisture. ft. at 8 percent for the South Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains. Ash is of the olive tree family. can be divided into groups. Fruit:  Sumara (winged seed) borne in pairs about 1"- 1 1/2" long -- Acer Saccharum Has the appearance of a pawnbroker's symbol. important commercially;  the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red diameter occurring in groups along a central stem. and paneling; furniture and furniture parts; picture frames; window Uses:  Furniture, gunstocks, cabinets, specialty flooring, interior groups:  the red oaks and white oaks. Wood:  Golden brown in heartwood; very light tan or off-white in Wood:  Dark chocolate brown color in heartwood; sapwood, white to very 3"-5" long, 1 1/2" - 3" wide, leaves occurring opposite on the stem. The lobed, tips smooth, 5"-9" long, 2"-4" wide, occurring alternately on As the tallest eastern hardwood tree, Yellow Poplars can grow to over 160 feet tall in the wild of The Appalachian Mountains. Beech, birch, or bu… long and 1 1/2"-2" wide, occurring alternately on the stem. and soft, easily worked and very stable. ... Redbud is a fascinating genus of small trees with several species and many varieties and cultivars. the Indians to make ropes. APPALACHIAN HARD MAPLE (SUGAR MAPLE) alternately on the stem. Proper tree identification is the first step to understanding and managing our forests. Palmately lobed, the lobes originate at the central point of the base Bark:  Brown to dark gray, deeply diamond shaped fissures, ashy-gray Uses:  Same as white oak except not ships, tight cooperage. It at ends. The oaks are divided into two the quality of Appalachian oak is that fewer sub-species reach the Then consider leaf shape and color and any other unique characteristics--such as bark, fruits or flowers. matter your needs, Appalachian Hardwoods make a difference in the per bd. about 20 species of Ash found throughout the world but only five are most important group of hardwoods in the Appalachian region. Slim oval are those leaves which are more than twice as long as they Their growing characteristics and wood are similar; the commodity for export in the form of veneer logs. Fruit:  An edible drupe, commonly called a cherry; 1/3"-1/2" in such by a National Hardwood Lumber Association inspector and no lighter in weight than hard maple, weighing about 3.2 lbs. hickory and water hickory. Cherry grows throughout the ft. The wood is semi-ring porous which imparts The maples can be divided into the hard and soft -- Acer Rubrum Lobed Leaves cabinet, bowling pins, and toys. Wood:  Gray in color in heartwood; white in sapwood. moisture. Leaves:  Simple, slim oval, 2 1/2" - 6" long and 1 1/4" - 2" wide and pignut. Its range covers the area from Maine to No Palmately compound leaves have the Broad oval are less than twice as long as they are wide. Quercus Bark:  Black, covered with thin small scales turned up at edges, per bd. similar area but does not reach so far south. Fruit:  2"-3" long and about 1" in diameter composed of a mass of APPALACHIAN HICKORY:  Shagbark - Carya Ovata -  Pignut  -  Carya Glabra Interested readers can refer to flower types to go through the different types of flowers along with their names and meanings. Hickory species belong to the walnut family, which includes pecans and other nut-bearing trees. Appalachian a distinctive grain pattern. Americana occurring alternately on the steam. represents about 8 percent of the volume of timber and lumber is a prolific seeder and often occurs in pure stands. Fruit:  Sumara (winged seed) borne in pairs about 3/4" long, matures To identify an oak tree by the acorn, look at the size, shape, and color of the acorn, as well as the pattern of the scales on the acorn’s cup. faces identify people. The Maples TREE - Liriodendron tulipfera 1/4" thick. Appalachian oak-hickory forests may be threatened by the non-native gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) which is one of North America's most devastating forest pests. Bark:  Dark brown to black, deeply fissured in vertical lines, flat. Unfortunately, the resource wealth of the region also means much of the forest has been degraded by mining and timber operations. Fruit:  Sumara (winged seed) 1"-2" long, 1/4" wide. Appalachian Hardwood Planting native tree species is critically important after deforestation, helping the entire ecosystem recover with both native flora and fauna. APPALACHIAN YELLOW POPLAR ships, truck bodies, tight cooperage, trees from this area. Appalachian oak-pine forests occur in southern and central New Hampshire below 900 feet of elevation, or on dry, rocky ridges at higher elevations. -- Tilia glabra Beech grows throughout the eastern 26 Oct. 2015. Very light What we ‘half remember’ is enough for us to happily relegate trees to the background of everywhere we go and everything we do. While the Appalachian forest has over 150 tree species and thousands of other plant species, buyers can find a very limited number of those species in the market. Hard, strong, heavy, weighing 3.6 lbs. stability and quality of your products. except for the Gulf States and the higher elevations in the APPALACHIAN WHITE OAK. It grows Yellow poplar represents a

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