Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. In this study, we cultivated Calocybe indica (C. indica) on wheat straw basal substrate and analysed the influence of supplementation of nitrogenous tree leaves of Syzygium cumini (SCL), Bauhinia variegate (BVL) and Cassia fistula (CFL) on yield, nutritional composition, and antioxidant properties. The result revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, oxalates, phytates, HCN and phenols in appreciable amounts. CAB Direct and Ezeibekwe, I. O. Phytochemical Screening of Pleurotus tuberregium (SING) Grown on Different Substrates. 1951. Sawdust which served as the control was better growth medium in terms of length of stipe, number of fruit bodies and height of mushroom. Presence of phytochemicals namely phenols, flavonoids, saponins and tannins may be responsible for such antiinflammatory activity. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vivo cultivation technology, proximate composition, mineral content and spectrum analysis of edible milky mushroom of Calocybe indica. This paper reviews the current methods used in the investigations of the efficacy of plants as antimicrobial agents and points out some of the differences in techniques employed by different authors. Comparative nutritional value of all collected macrofungi is listed in Table 3. CAB Direct is the most thorough and extensive source of reference in the applied life sciences, Calocybe indica. All rights reserved. The fruit bodies of mushroom were harvested fresh, dried, powdered and extracted using soxhlet apparatus. Nutritional Composition of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica ) ... (Calocybe indica) cultivated on paddy straw supplement with 5,10 and 20 per cent (on paddy straw dry weight basis) of ragi flour. The mushroom is pure white from base to cap with a thick meaty stem and a solid disc-like top. Mushrooms with their flavour, texture, nutritional value and with very high productivity level per unit area rightly have been The crude extracts were characterized phytochemically and subjected to, The aim of the present work was to study preliminary phytochemical, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the edible mushroom Pleurotus Florida by invitro method. Soc. Evaluation of nutritional quality and health benefits of Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C) Publisher: College of Agriculture, Vellayani: Language: en: Type: Thesis: Agrotags: null: Keywords: Home science: The physical evaluation included determination of total ash, determination of acid insoluble ash, determination of water soluble ash, determination of moisture content (loss on, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Nutritional value and biosafety of Dioscorea bulbifera L. (air potato) fermented with Pleurotus ostreatus and Calocybe indica Tolulope Bolaniran, Clement Olusola Ogidi and Bamidele Juliet Akinyele Received: 21 … This study assess the potential of Calocybe indica (Milky mushroom) as bio-antagonist against microorganism serves as pollutants on Marikina River through Heterotrophic plate count (HPC). All content in this area was uploaded by Dr Madhaiyan Prabu on Jul 22, 2015, polar; 5 non polar solvents revealed that hi, the presence of total phenol 38.06 ± 10.09 in. Tocopherols, the main oilseeds natural antioxidants are very potent and when implemented into cell membranes are able to scavenge large number of free radicals. GAE/g extract and 1.35 ± 0.34 mg RE/g extract, 2.48 mg GAE/g extract and 0.80 ± 0.04 mg RE/g extract, respectively in. Furthermore, they demonstrated that 60% (V/V) hydroethanol had a better yield than 100% ethanol. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. © 2015, International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. length of the stipe. This mushroom was found in the wild, in West Bengal, India and the cultivation method was researched by Indian horticulture department. Those components were the most potent antioxidants present in those extracts. Calocybe indica Purkay. Antiradical Activity and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power of Pleurotus pulmonarius , Pleurotus floridanus and Pleurotus sajor - caju Formulations Extracts in Vitro, Antioxidant activity of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida [Mont.] July 13, 2018 July 13, 2018 by Uttaranchal (P.G.) Since tissue damage in hyperglycemia has been related to oxidative stress, we evaluated the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant status in the serum, liver and kidney since they are the target organs in diabetic complications. Antioxidative capacity was assessed by utilizing: DPPH stable free radicals; inhibition of linoleic acid oxidation and reducing power of components. 20, Supplement 2, 2020 pp. The chemical evaluation included qualitative evaluation like test for polysaccharide, test for mucilage, test for amino acid, test for proteins, test for saponins, test for alkaloids, test for tannins, test for flavanoids and quantitative evaluation like thin layer chromatography, column chromatography, IR analysis. Br. Key words: Calocybe indica, Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV Spectrometer, nutritional values. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. Use of dried biogas spent slurry alone also recorded 130 per cent biological efficiency but combination of sand + soil (BE 79.94 %) was inferior. The estimated daily intakes of studied metallic and metalloid elements were below their oral reference dosage mentioned by the international regulatory bodies. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your The nutritional value of mushroom is affected by numerous factors such as. Mushrooms were dried from about 84 to 3% moisture content (w.b) in about 8 h. Solar drier was cost effective and efficient in The sturdy all-white mushrooms appear in summer after rainfall in fields and on road verges. concentration; “+” denotes present in small concentration; “-” denotes absent. International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. This paper reviews the current methods used in the investigations of the efficacy of plants as antimicrobial agents and points out some of the differences in techniques employed by different authors. Mu-shroom cultivation with horse gram supplementation and straw reduction method was found to have increased mushroom yield and high phytochemical constituents. Thus, the study suggests that both mushroom varieties are nutrient rich; possess significant presence of aforesaid phytochemical compounds that can be explored for their medicinal properties. The data of comparative biochemical analysis of five strains (CI-4, CI-13, CI-14, CI-15 and CI-18) of milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) for their three important biochemical properties are given in table 1. 62(2): 415: 1974 The species C. indica is usually found growing on humus rich soil, in agricultural fields or along the roadsides in tropical and subtropical parts of India. singer) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica P and C), Contamination level, distribution and health risk assessment of heavy and toxic metallic and metalloid elements in a cultivated mushroom Pleurotus florida (Mont.) The value of antioxidant activity of mushroom ranged between 57.79-73.8%.It was found that the methanolic extracts of Pleurotus Florida are effective in inhibiting heat induced hemolysis of HRBC at different concentration. Download Commercial production of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica PDF for free. ... Calocybe indica 64.26 3.40 17.69 4.10 7.43 391. Qualitative phytochemical analysis confirmed that both the mushrooms possess the presence of pharmacologically active compounds like phenols, flavonoids, saponins and tannins. In vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory activities of methanolic extract of white oyster mushroom Pleurotus florida (Mont.) 1973. International Journal Evidence-Based Complement. This requires rigorous research and it is therefore imperative to follow standard methods to authenticate claims of antimicrobial action. The phytochemical composition of the sclerotium and fruit bodies from the different substrates showed that the sclerotium had more flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins and phenols than the fruit bodies from the different substrates. There was, however, a significant difference at P  0.05 between the flavonoid content of fruit bodies from humus soil, sawdust and those from a mixture of humus soil and sawdust. The nutritional analysis results showed the presence of protein, carbohydrate, fibre, ash content and low in fat and calorific value. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. Awareness of the nutritional and medicinal importance of mushrooms is not extensive. Based on the HRIs values among the toxic metallic and metalloid elements, As in the target mushroom in the substrate of the wheat straw + pine cone is the main sources of risk, and it may cause severe health problems. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. This requires rigorous research and it is therefore imperative to follow standard methods to authenticate claims of antimicrobial action. ... Mushrooms are now considered as potential therapeutics and preventive agents that may ensure the wellness of humans. control was cultivated on paddy ... respectively, from the value in the control sample. Invitro anti inflammatory activity was studied using Human RBC Membrane (HRBC) Stabilisation Method and Protein Denaturation Bioassay Method. APK2) is provided in this review. Plant origin food ingredients are the main source of very potent antioxidants. 2. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. The quantity and quality of the fruit bodies produced were measured using the following parameters: number of fruit bodies produced, height of fruit bodies, fresh weight, dry weight, diameter of pileus and, Pleurotus florida mushroom was cultivated by using Macrotyloma uniflorum (horse gram) as a nutrient supple-ment adopting the "layer spawning" method and the effect of straw size reduction on mushroom yield were stu-died. In this study, the nutritional values of dietary mushrooms- Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajorcaju, Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica that are very popular among the cultivated mushrooms in Bangladesh have … session so others can sign in. Evaluation of Substrate on Production of Calocybe indica. Further studies on these mushrooms in pharmacological aspects are in progress. Traditionally eaten in West Bengal, it is being grown commercially in several Indian states and other tropical countries. drying). antiobese, antihypercholesterolemic, antioxidant, value were measured and the results were tabulated (Tabl. In this study, the nutritional values of dietary mushrooms- Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajorcaju, Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica that are very popular among the cultivated mushrooms in Bangladesh have been determined. A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. Thus, this study suggests that the concentrations of heavy and toxic elements should be periodically monitored in cultivated mushrooms. In the present study the nutritional value was analysed by proximate, aminoacid, vitamin and mineral composition of the edible mushroom, Calocybe indica var. The results clearly showed that utilization of polar solvent enable extraction of significant amounts of phenolics and flavonoids. Check Pages 1 - 6 of Commercial production of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica in the flip PDF version. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. There was no significant difference between the alkaloid, tannin, saponin and phenolic composition of the fruit bodies from the different substrates. 1 Plant Archives Vol. The highest yield of extraction was achieved with 80% methanol but the extract did not contain the highest amount of phenolics and flavonoids. P. florida was cultivated on different substrates; wheat straw (as blank), wheat straw + pine cone, wheat straw + soybean straw and wheat straw + urea and the effects of these substrates on contamination levels of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were analyzed. In conclusion edible mushrooms can be excellent source of Micronutrients, Antioxidant components and Anti inflammatory components. In this study, the individual HRIs were less than 1, which indicates insignificant potential health risk associated with the consumption of target mushroom from the studied substrates. Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers’ investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. Mushroom Biology: Mushroom culture; nutriceutical and nutraceuticals. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. Fig. Particular focus is on establishing the effect of the plant(s) extracts in terms of their microstatic and microcidal action and the spectrum of organisms affected. CALOCYBE INDICA CULTIVATION PDF FILE >> READ ONLINE milky mushroom cultivation ppt milky mushroom cultivation pdf milky mushroom spawn casing soil preparation for milky mushroom milky mushroom cultivation project report pdfcalocybe indica nutritional value Original Research Article. 1444-1446 e-ISSN:2581-6063 (online), ISSN:0972-5210 CULTURAL AND NUTRITIONAL FACTORS ON ENHANCING THE YIELD OF CALOCYBE INDICA (P&C) Darwin Christdhas Henry L.*, Sowmiya A., Sutha Raja Kumar R., Thamarai Selvi M. and Jaiganesh V. Medicinal plants have recently received the attention of the pharmaceutical and scientific communities and various publications have documented the therapeutic value of natural compounds in a bid to validate claims of their biological activity. Attention has been drawn to the antimicrobial activity of plants and their metabolites due to the challenge of growing incidences of drug-resistant pathogens. The crude fats, ash, energy value, vitamin and mineral contents are lower and yet the differences are not great. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). A method for the cultivation of Pleurotus sajorcaju on a relatively large scale using cotton waste as substrate has been developed, and the mushroom so obtained has higher protein content than and comparable carbohydrate content to Agaricus bisporus, Volvariella volvacea, Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus. The antioxidant activity was carried out by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) Assay Method. An edible mushroom, Calocybe indica was selected to validate its nutritional and medicinal properties. Calocybe is a small genus of about 40 species of mushroom, including St. George's mushroom, which is edible, and milky mushroom, which is edible and is cultivated in India. In this study, contamination with heavy and toxic metallic and metalloid elements in the cultivated mushroom of (Pleurotus florida (Mont.) So it could be recommended for formulating Antioxidant, Anti inflammatory dietary supplement. Acquired extracts were analysed for the content of phenolics and flavonoids using colorimetric procedures. In vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory activity of the methanolic extract of white Oyster mushroom Pl... Phytochemical analysis of two wild edible mushrooms, auricularia polytricha and pleurotus ostreatus,... Phytochemical Screening of Pleurotus tuberregium (SING) Grown on Different Substrates. Calocybe indica, commonly known as the milky white mushroom, is a species of edible mushroom native to India. Medicinal plants have recently received the attention of the pharmaceutical and scientific communities and various publications have documented the therapeutic value of natural compounds in a bid to validate claims of their biological activity. CAB Direct provides Carrageenan induced acute inflammatory animal model (50.17% at 200mg/kg b.w). on paddy straw, Official Methods of Analysis of The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Assessment techniques of antimicrobial properties of natural compounds of plant origin: Current Methods and Future Trends, Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent, The cultivation and nutritional value of Pleurotus sajor-caju. Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers' investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. Only the five per cent sample was consistent with Among plant antioxidants are mainly phenolics, large and diversified group of chemical compounds with different radical scavenging potential. The mushroom extract exhibited significant results for its inhibition of protein denaturation (69.30±4.98% at 1.0mg/ml); inhibition of proteinase activity (27.89±0.14% at 1.0mg/ml) in a dose-dependent manner and also antiinflammatory activity in, The concentrations of phytochemicals in two edible mushroom varieties (Auricularia polytricha and Pleurotus ostreatus) from Ohaukwu area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria, were determined using standard methods. observed between the mushrooms (P 0.05). The wood shreds of Treculia africana did not support the growth of the mushroom. Bioactive compounds from Pleurotus florida mushroom extracts could be used as an alternate to antibiotics, considering the side effects and escalating levels of antibiotic resistance among microorganisms. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. Except moisture, Royse DJ. 193: 265-275. The calorific values were found 304.5±0.28 k.cal g, These results were supported by many researchers, portions of plant tissues from the i, qualitatively analyzed and the results were presented in Tabl. Folin-Phenol reagent. On the Olympic Peninsula in Washington, timber is highly valued and calocybw are a low-value product by weight; timber has a soil expectation value SEV 12 to … Mushrooms, being rich source of therapeutic and nutritional substances have received considerable attention for their antioxidant potential. GAE – Gallic acid equivalent; RE- Rutin equivalent. APK2 commercially grown in Tamilnadu, India were investigated. Results indicate that, white oyster mushroom may be used as a potential antiinflammatory agent. Investigation was conducted on two different batches of flaxseed, assessing antioxidant capacity of compounds extracted with different polarity solvents and extracts were tested for antioxidant activity with different methods. Moisture, crude protein, carbohydrate, dietary fibre, total lipids, ash, ether extract, pH, nitrogen and carbon content in mushrooms were analysed. Commercial production of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica was published by on 2015-10-23. There are over 13,614,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 2, 2020. Find more similar flip PDFs like Commercial production of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica. This mushroom has a high potential to be produced economically on a large scale in Hong Kong. Significant variations in composition of the phytochemicals were, The Sclerotia of Pleurotus tuberregium (Sing) were grown on four different substrates namely: humus soil, mixture of Sawdust and humus soil, sawdust and shreds of the wood of Treculia africana. Particular focus is on establishing the effect of the plant(s) extracts in terms of their microstatic and microcidal action and the spectrum of organisms affected. Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) is becoming more popular in many parts of the world due to its robust size, attractive milky appearance, delicious taste, attractive colour, excellent shelf life and unique texture besides having sustainable yield (Chang, 2007; Alam et al., 2010). *denotes value on wet weight basis; **denotes values on dry weight basis. Defatted flaxseed meals were extracted with pure alcohols and its mixture with water. Singer) is investigated. They are found between May and August, which normally coincides with sufficient showers after a prolonged dry period. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Powder microscopic characters was studied. Materials 2.1.1. Mushrooms are well known for their nutritional and gastronomic values. Singer were evaluated. Objective: To evaluate the antioxidant activity of tropical edible mushrooms namely Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica. The ultra-violet (UV) absorption showed at 294 nm with a shoulder at 321 and 379 nm indicating the presence of aromatic nature of the compounds. APK2) is provided in this review.This mushroom variety was first identified in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal and can be cultivated on a wide variety of substrates, at a high temperature range (30~38). You can now claim your publications on CAB Direct with your ORCID iD! The results showed that the concentrations of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn) in the target mushroom are at the typical levels. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Formulated CIP cookies were characterized for nutritional, functional and sensorial properties, and compared with conventional cookies to evaluate the stated purpose. Journal of Biological Chemistry. The Milky mushroom is a very large variety often with multiple stems growing from a single base. Aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic extracts showed positive results on pre-liminary phytochemical analysis and also strongly inhibited the growth of the Gram-positive and Gram negative bacterium whereas ethyl acetate and hexane extracts have low reaction in phytochemical analysis and low antimi-crobial activity. 1—Macrofungi picture a: Calocybe gambosa, b: Calocybe indica, c: Macrolepiota procera, d: Tuber aestivum The present investigation for the phenols, the results showed that highest Results: The results obtained from this antioxidant study strongly suggest that Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica have significant antioxidant activity. (ISSN: 1553-9873). The obtained values of the phytochemicals were significantly lower in both mushroom varieties compared to their toxic levels according to World Health Organization's stipulated safe limits. Keywords: Calocybe indica cultivation, reeds, bioefficiency, nutritional parameters 1. Microorganism and raw material The biological efficiency from cotton waste compost is lower than that from straw compost, however, the former has the advantage of giving rather even yield over successive flushes. Studies on the Cultivation of. Forward to the Fifth International Conference on mushroom bi, Bano Z, Rajarathnam. Published by Chapman and Hall, an imprint of Thomson Sciences, London (UK). All rights Reserved. Materials and methods 2.1. [Onuoha C.I., Obi-Adumanya G.A. Results comparability is largely dependent on the techniques employed in the investigations and conclusive results can only be obtained if methods are standardized and universal. Thus, the study suggests that both mushrooms varieties are very safe for consumption, while the significant presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and phenols indicate medicinal properties. KEY WORDS: Pleurotus florida, antiinflammatory activity, methanolic extract, phytochemicals, phenols, flavonoids. Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica) is a fairly new addition in the field of mushroom cultivation. There are great concentrations of toxic metallic and metalloid elements such as lead, arsenic, mercury, cadmium or silver in many species of mushrooms comparative to other fruits and vegetables. species, stage of development and environmental conditi ons. Calocybe indica slices (5 mm) were dried in cross flow dryer, open sun dryer, solar dryer, through flow dryer, vibro dryer, vacuum dryer in the respective drying chambers at 65, 36, 55, 60, 55 and 45°C. Calocybe indica is an indigenous popular edible mushroom, having a variety of secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds, terpenes and steroids possibly involved in their medicinal effects and nutritive value. Protein content showed great variation in all tested mushroom. Results comparability is largely dependent on the techniques employed in the investigations and conclusive results can only be obtained if methods are standardized and universal. Ethnobotany: Documentation of folklore medicine. Content of these compounds correlated well with results from applied methods for antioxidant assessment. The nutritional analysis results showed the presence of protein, carbohydrate, fibre, ash content and low in fat and calorific value. To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). Health risk index (HRI) was calculated to evaluate the consumer's health risk assessment from the metal intake that contaminated in the cultivated mushroom of P. florida on the different nutrient sources. Mycol. means you agree to our use of cookies. College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital. As a result, mushroom cultivation has been increased tremendously throughout the world during the last few decades. Around nine species are found in neotropical regions. The biological efficiency of Calocybe indica was doubled by using a combination of sand +soil +dried biogas spent slurry (BE 180.32%) or vermicompost (BE 176.28 %) as casing material. & Chandra, Trans. There are not many species of this genus in Britain.The name is derived from the Ancient Greek terms kalos "pretty", and cubos "head". nutritive value. Further subjection of both these mushrooms for quantitative analysis showed the presence of total phenol 38.06 ± 10.09 in P. florida and 30.72 ± 2.48 in C. indica and total flavonoid 1.35 ± 0.34 in P. florida and 0.80 ± 0.04 in C. indica. Nutritional Value Of Milky Mushroom. When 80% ethanol was used for extraction the highest amount of flavonoids was detected and also the best antioxidant capacity. acetate, petroleum ether and aqueous extracts. This has enabled exploitation of plants for the treatment of microbial infections and in the development of new antimicrobial agents. Formulated CIP cookies were characterized for nutritional, functional and sensorial properties, and compared with conventional cookies to evaluate the stated purpose. Report and Opinion 2010;2(10):23-27]. mushrooms are nutritionally valuable. antibacterial activity by cup plate agar diffusion method against human pathogens. Data of this study suggests that mushrooms are rich in nutritional value. The ground straw and horse gram supplemented batch increased 23% of mushroom yield than control. Conclusion: Edible mushrooms Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica are having significant antioxidant activity, could serve as easily accessible natural food rich in antioxidant which may enhance the immune system against oxidative damage and may be utilized as the potential sources of therapeutic agents.

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